Martin Horne, one of students that have learned archeology in our field school (Sanisera Archaeology Institute), has written an interesting project about the excavation of the Roman Port City of Sanitja. We are particularly pleased that people who have visited Menorca, and love archeology like us, had been spending part of their time to research and write an amazing article as this.
The following is a field report of excavation at the Roman port city of Sa Nitja on the Spanish island of Menorca. This account addresses the first portion of the field school session which spanned nineteen days (May 11-29th, 2014). Menorca, easternmost of the Balearic Islands, has witnessed the ebb and flow of Mediterranean political powers from the pre-historic Talayotic peoples to the Carthaginians, Romans, and Vandals.
- Since long before the establishment of these groups, the tiny isle served as waypoint along the sea route between Iberia and the prosperous cities of the eastern Mediterranean. Some of the earliest known inhabitants of Menorca (c. 2000 BCE) left rather impressive reminders of their presence in the form huge stone towers, visible for all subsequent peoples.
- The exact date of the civilization’s fall is unclear, however, it is safe to assume that it is their descendants who would one day come into contact with the next great shapers of the isle, the Romans.
- The small bay along the western side of Cap de Cavalleria was a welcome respite for sailors battling the harsh northern winds. Coupled with its character as the only suitably deep rocky-bottomed harbor in the north, made the inlet indispensable to its Roman shipping. Revenue from passing trade vessels and domestic herding aided in the growth of the site from small Roman garrison to a city several hectares in size a century later.
- The ongoing excavation by Sanisera Archaeology Institute has thus far reached stratigraphy dating from the 3rd century.
To read full article, please, click here Martin Horne Sanisera Portfolio
Bronze Makeup Applicator.
10.5cm. Unknown date. (Martin Horne)
Excavation site of Building 10 in Sanitja’s southeast corner. (Martin Horne)