WHAT WAS THE ROMAN POPULATION OF SANISERA LIKE?

Example of non-articulated group of teeth from Tomb 401.

Example of non-articulated group of teeth from Tomb 401.

Several vertebrae with degenerative pathologies extracted from several tombs.

Several vertebrae with degenerative pathologies extracted from several tombs.

During the 2013 campaign, The Sanisera Field School excavated a total of 10 tombs from the group called “Necropolis 4″, located at the Roman site of Sanisera. They dated between V-VI centuries AD and contain fifty-four individuals (35.7% under 20 years old, and 64.3% the adult group). They also reflect a balanced representation of men and women.

 

The recovered remains represent a young population, conditioned by a high infant mortality, high birth rates and low life expectancy. The most common pathological conditions observed in the Sanisera skeletal collection are the dental pathologies (Figure 1: Example of non-articulated group of teeth from Tomb 401), degenerative diseases of the articulations (Figure 2: several vertebrae with degenerative pathologies extracted from several tombs) and other less specific infections.

 

All these conditions are typical of a rural population associated with a diet based on the most basic subsistence, an agricultural society that was also hunter and mollusks gatherer.

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