archaeology, necropolis, funerary, death, Sanisera, women, men, individuals, graves, history

TYPES OF GRAVES IN THE SANISERA NECROPOLIS

During the V-VI centuries AD, Christianity was spread throughout the peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Therefore, the necropolis of Sanisera shows the funeral ritual of that time. We were talking about it in an other post.

Grave at Sanisera

Grave at Sanisera

We can find three different types of graves in the necropolis of Sanisera: Cist, in amphora and simple pit. The most abundant is the cist type, which consists of a rectangular pit dug in the ground and covered with stone slabs

 

Almost all the graves were reused for multiple burials, for both women and men, adults and young individuals (Figure 1: Tomb 18 of the Necropolis 6). As in today’s Christian necropolis, men and women were buried together and we were able to identify several generations of individuals in the same tomb, probably belonging to the same family.

Tomb 18 of the Necropolis 6 (Fig.1)

Tomb 18 of the Necropolis 6 (Fig.1)

 

We should mention that not all graves were used for collective burials. Tomb 419, in the northern part of the necropolis, has proved to be an exceptional case of single burial.

Tomb 419, common cist with cladding

Tomb 419, common cist with cladding

 

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